Perhaps, the most important consideration you’ll have to make when choosing the right grass for your lawn is the region that it will thrive in. Here’s a quick rundown of the most common grasses and where they grow best. Here is a look at the different types of grass that grow across the United States.
Bermuda grass is a warm season grass that is very popular in the southern transition zone and almost all parts of the Southern states. In the northern parts of the transition zone and other regions of the country, Bermuda is considered to be a weed. Cynodon dactylon as it is called botanically is a beneficial grass for many stadiums and golf courses and many parts of the country. It has a very adaptable mowing height and can be cut anywhere from 1/8 inch on up to three inches.
Zoysia grass is, for the most part, the only warm season grass that is grown in the middle or Northern regions of the transition zone. Although it is cold tolerant and will come back from year to year, it does stay in dormancy for long periods when planted in the transition zone. The three types of Zoysia that are grown in the U.S. are Zoysia japonica, Zoysia matrella, and Zoysia tenuifolia. Zoysia was originated in Japan.
If there were ever a grass that was to be considered durable and versatile, then it would be tall fescue. Tall fescue or Festuca arundinacea is the most adaptable grass species there is. It will grow in any soil condition, including the worst clays. It used to be this species of grass, in general, was not planted for a desirable appearance but more for where and how it can be used. For years the highway departments have relied on tall fescue to establish medians and prevent erosion on highway projects. It has an excellent heat and drought tolerance and is resistant to most insect and fungus problems.
St. Augustine grass
St. Augustine grass is an extreme Southern grass when grown in the United States. Stenotaphrum secundatum is the botanical name for St. Augustine grass. Although this grass is a common grass in the state of Florida, it is not nearly as common in other parts of the U.S. It is used on both golf courses and residential lawns in all of Florida. It is not found in any other regions is because it is not cold tolerant at all. This has limited its progression north into other southern states. There are newer varieties of St. Augustine that can now be found in other southern regions.